Skateboarding continues to maintain one of the leading positions among active sports. Today, both an adult and a child can easily acquire the appropriate equipment and get on the board, but to acquire the necessary skills is more complicated than studying the theory.
Equipment and training requirements
There are specific rules for choosing a place and equipment for skiing. For children and adults who are just learning the basics of skate management, it is imperative to take care of the purchase of suitable clothes and shoes, as well as protective equipment. Helmets, knee pads, elbow pieces, protective shorts, palm rests are needed not only for boys and girls. An adult can also be injured if falling is without equipment.
Special shoes are the key to success. Sneakers for skateboarding provide the best grip on the surface. Their sole is made of durable materials that are not afraid of intense abrasion.
Not suitable for skateboarding shoes with textured soles, relevant for most other sports.
The skate for beginners should be quite wide – on average, 20.3 cm, 78.5 cm long. These are universal parameters that make it easy to master the technique of riding. The suspension of the first skate should be aluminum, not protruding beyond the edges of the board. Bearings on boards for beginners usually correspond to the ABEC class from 1 to 3. Do not chase the large size of the wheels – it will become an obstacle to learning.
When choosing a site for skiing, novice riders need to give preference to smooth concrete or asphalt surfaces without pronounced bumps, cracks, and other obstacles. There should not be a large number of pedestrians or small children at the training site. Riding on the carriageway, driving on highways or public roads is strictly prohibited.
Sidewalks, especially crowded ones, are not suitable for skiing, but the territory of a park or a square with high-quality asphalt pavement is quite suitable.
At first, it’s best to stick to the edge of the available tracks so as not to interfere with those riding a scooter or roller at a higher speed. When choosing a place, it is recommended to conduct a preliminary inspection, carefully examine the territory – potholes, or a good hatch that appeared on the way can cause a fall.
- the body is located across the board;
- the legs are shoulder-width above the wheels;
- the knees are slightly bent;
- hands can be spread apart;
- the face is turned in the direction of movement;
- when transferring weight to the socks, the rollers under them should come closer;
- with a shift of the center of gravity to the heels – the same thing.
Maneuvering consists of changing the load on the left or right edge of the board. This is a basic management technique. Having mastered the stand “on the ground,” out of the blue, you can move on to the movement.
To learn how to ride a skateboard from scratch, it is enough to put one foot on the board and give the other acceleration, starting from the asphalt. No need to rush, it’s unlikely that you can quickly learn the basics, you will have to spend some time.
The ability to ride in a straight line is the basis of skateboarding. First, the athlete must decide on a push leg. It becomes the one that is most convenient to build on asphalt. For most people, this is the right leg, but it is better to experiment on your own and make the final decision.
To start moving in a straight line, you must first take a central position – with two legs on the deck. Then the supporting leg gently lowers onto the asphalt, makes a push, and returns to the board again. No need to rush – the first attempts should allow the skater to feel the balance, setting a speed record is useless here. Having mastered, you can gradually increase the activity of riding.
Smooth and sharp turns
Sharp turns are carried out as experience is gained since, for them, the skater should be able to balance only on the rear wheels of the board.
In this case, the separation of the bow of the board from the ground is used by transferring the weight back. In this position, a jerk is made by the body, which allows you to change the direction of movement in the right direction. As soon as the goal is achieved, the front wheels again fall to the ground, the balance is restored.
For beginners in skating, the ability to make sharp turns is not necessary. First, you need to master the gradual transition from direct driving to taxiing. Having learned to change the direction of movement smoothly, you can already leave the training site. Do not be afraid of falls or emergency jumps from the board. Gradually increasing practical experience, you can learn pretty confident riding and maneuvering.
A decrease in speed when riding a skateboard occurs by shifting the supporting or pushing leg to the tail of the board, with the simultaneous transfer of body weight to it. This will allow you to slow down and achieve a smooth stop or acceptable speed to exit the deck. If emergency braking is performed, you must fully rely on the leg placed in the tail, with maximum force. The edge of the board will come in contact with the asphalt; the nose will be in the air.
When riding on a flat surface, you can do even more comfortable. Foot braking on asphalt is relevant for beginners and does not require excellent riding skills.
If there is a real danger ahead and there is no time to stop, you need to jump from the skateboard forward, in the direction of travel.
Tricks and exercise
Not all boards are suitable for performing skate tricks. Straight-edge cruisers are not suitable for this purpose. Narrow and light boards with bulged nose and tail can be used for stunt riding, jumping on them, and performing complex maneuvers. You can proceed to a new stage only after the essential elements are fully developed.
To help beginners – observation of real skiing in the park. Do not immediately try to repeat all the tricks performed by the masters. For beginners, only the most simple, basic exercises are suitable, among them, several can be distinguished.
This trick element is basic and must be mastered. This is a deck scrolling performed with a jump on good acceleration. Legs from a position shoulder-width apart are positioned so that the lead is at the edge of the board.
Next, click on the back of the board, with a push and a jump in the back. It is carried out by the supporting leg; it is repelled, the leading one is stretched, bending inward and directing the deck forward and upward. The board thus rises into the air, and the knees of the skater are pressed to the chest. Once the skate completes the torsion, you need to catch it with your feet and wait for the landing, keeping your knees half bent to soften contact with the asphalt.
The moment of flight that occurs after the ligament is clicked and drawn is called an Allie. It is he who underlies most of the tricks, so it is recommended that you devote as much time as possible to practicing the element. The board is as if glued to the athlete’s feet, and it looks very impressive.
To get the allies clean, you need to learn how to accelerate well and correctly transfer body weight. And also need the skill of pushing off the ground with a skateboard. At the same time, while the push leg fulfills its role, the leader should continue to move up and down the deck.
This is the name of the edge jump. To do it, you need to gain a good acceleration. Then a stand with a leading foot at the front edge is taken, and when approaching the elevation, which you have to jump onto, a movement is performed similarly to what is needed for the ollie, with the deck transferred to the edge. You can also jump with Olly.
BB Pop shove it
These basics of stunt skating for a beginner will be quite enough to master more complex tricks and improve their skills.
Basic mistakes of beginners
Teaching beginners to skate always begins with the development of the simplest movements. A properly accumulated base is half the success when it comes to skateboarding. Also, it is worth exploring the experience of more advanced riders to avoid common mistakes made by beginners.
What misses do beginner skaters most often make? One of the most common mistakes is riding in unfamiliar places, trying to test a skate on dirt or rough road. In the best case, such an experiment will end in a fall; in the worst – you can damage the skateboard and get injured yourself.
Do not rely solely on the integrity of the manufacturer. The skateboard needs regular inspection, lubrication of the bearings, periodic replacement of the wheels; it may lose its mountings. Inspection is recommended before each ride.
Over-pursuit of speed skating is a big mistake for beginners.
They often choose large boards – longboards, trying to get overclocked as quickly as possible. But speed should always match the skills of a skater. And learning the basics for both children and adults is much easier on the board in size.
Jumping back, against the course of a movement. This is the wrong tactic that can lead to serious injury. A jump from a skateboard during movement is recommended only forward, in the direction of travel – it is much easier to maintain balance and not fall.
Too vigorous repulsion when riding. Little jolts in a series cause the board to lose balance. With strong, long repulsion, this does not happen.